Estudios Geográficos, Vol 77, No 281 (2016)

Incremento de los riesgos geomorfológicos en el espacio urbano de Sarajevo como consecuencia del proceso de suburbanización y las políticas de neoliberalización


https://doi.org/10.3989/estgeogr.201618

Jordi Martín-Díaz
Departamento de Geografía Humana, Universidad de Barcelona, España

Jordi Nofre
Centro de Estudos de Sociologia-UNL (CesNova), Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal

Marc Oliva
Centro de Estudos Geográficos, Instituto de Geografia e Ordenamento do Território Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Pedro Palma
Centro de Estudos Geográficos, Instituto de Geografia e Ordenamento do Território, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Resumen


El pasado mes de mayo de 2014, las precipitaciones asociadas al profundo sistema de bajas presiones Tamara provocaron severas inundaciones y numerosos deslizamientos de tierra que afectaron a vastas áreas de la región balcánica occidental y central, alcanzando también la ciudad de Sarajevo (Bosnia y Herzegovina). En este episodio quedaron evidenciados los riesgos hidrológicos y geomorfológicos que afectan actualmente a un número significativo de áreas urbanas y suburbanas construidas en la capital bosnia desde el fin de la guerra. A partir de un trabajo observacional y etnográfico realizado entre los años 2010 y 2013, y con apoyo operacional de los Sistemas de Información Geográfica, este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la creciente insostenibilidad urbana de la ciudad de Sarajevo, producida tanto por una densificación del fondo de valle en áreas inundables así como el proceso de suburbanización que ha ve nido produciéndose principalmente en las laderas de los macizos que abrigan la ciudad. Estos procesos son, respectivamente, resultado de la implementación de las políticas de liberalización económica y de la necesidad por parte de las personas refugiadas en Sarajevo de estabilizar su situación en la ciudad tras el conflicto bélico.

Palabras clave


riesgos geomorfológicos; suburbanización; desarrollo urbano; neoliberalización; ciudades post-socialistas

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